A presentation in Public Administration discusses topics that are important for the citizens of every country of the world because they concern government policies. This academic discipline usually deals with debates. There will be always someone who supports governmental decisions and implementations of different projects and those who dislike everything. Consequently, a presentation in Public Administration should be objective to avoid misunderstanding.
People create presentations to speak about important issues with the help of not only textual but visual information as well. A student gives a speech and slides support the words. A person can select an automatic switch of slides or ask someone to do that job. The first variant is risky because a person can forget about the time and either forestall or be several seconds late. The best way is to use a laser switch and control everything personally or ask a person to follow one’s words and synchronize them with the presentation.
It is very important to know the requirements concerning a presentation in Public Administration. The difficulty is in its formatting and textual fulfillment. When a person writes an essay in Public Administration, he or she will have a chance to use various grammatical constructions and devote a subsection to the appendix in case there must be tables, graphics, images, etc. When dealing with presentations, a student will have to cope with limitations.
This article discusses possible problems a person might find when creating a presentation in Public Administration and dives tips on their successful solution.
Each academic writing demands good topics to review in the paper. A presentation also aims at informing about the most essential details of the topic and presenting some innovation. There are two possible variants for a student to get the topic.
Variant 1. A student goes to a professor or a tutor. The educator gives a topic and asks to answer basic issues. The also college provides formatting recommendations.
Variant 2. A student looks for the topic and introduces it to the teacher. The educator can confirm or reject it. In the first case, a student proceeds to the writing. In the second one, a student will have to search for other topics until he or she gets a confirmation.
The first variant saves time but does not let students choose the topic THEY would like to discuss. Moreover, a college can give a too difficult topic and a person will work harder to complete it.
The second variant consumes more time on the first stage but is beneficial on the second stage. A student has the desire and inspiration to write about things that interest him or her. Students know where to find the required data and how to make the assignment valuable.
Professionals recommend choosing a topic in three steps.
Consequently, a person must be picky to find a compelling topic for a presentation.
If students are lucky enough to make a choice depending on their personal preferences, it will be necessary to support the idea with reliable literature. One will need to investigate various sources. This is the list of 10 websites one can use to support the thesis statement with facts and statistics. They can be also useful in the selection of the topic for a presentation in Public Administration
Literature is to be reliable and have updated information. Trustworthy websites give links to used sources to prove the authenticity of the published information. For example, if a website gives statistics, there must be hyperlinks or a bibliography that a reader can study to get more data.
Those who write presentations should also back up each word. They should separate personal discoveries from things one has taken from other sources. As a rule, one devotes the last slide to the bibliography list or supplies the presentation with hyperlinks. Due to that, a person will never have problems with plagiarism and copyright policy.
A presentation must have a proper structure to achieve the goal. An average one consists of an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Depending on a personal choice, there can be a bibliography slide, or one can save space and attach hyperlinks where necessary.
An introduction mirrors the key idea of the presentation. A person includes the thesis statement and things he or she is going to present.
A body develops the idea and proves its value. The best way is to use facts that support the key message. The cited source is to be reputable. It is better to avoid the yellow press and blogs with a doubtful reputation.
A conclusion sums up the information, proves the innovation, and restates the thesis statement. For the sake of space, professionals wrap everything up using tables, graphics, scales, and infographics.
In case a student does not want to hyperlink the text, it will be necessary to mention basic sources on one of the slides. It must have ABC order and the format must correspond to college requirements. MLA, Harvard, APA, and Chicago formats belong to TOP formatting styles in most colleges and universities of the world.
Professionals use software that lets them create supreme presentations but demands minimum efforts. An excellent tool has a user-friendly interface. Nevertheless, students often look for software that fits their income. Not everyone can afford premium functions. That is why experts give 3 effective tips.
Feedback. The Internet has many websites where people discuss various things. Students can find reviews and feedback concerning tools for the creation of a presentation. Some websites describe all pros and cons so that a person can make a good choice.
Samples. It is necessary to study samples. For example, one can google Powerpoint, SlideShare, or Canva presentations to see which one offers the best options.
Testing. A person tries to create a presentation to check available functions. One can find online tutorials on YouTube or other platforms that show the procedure in detail.
Experts identify the top 5 free programs.
The above-mentioned software might fit the demands of everyone. A person can install some and save the ready presentation on PC or create a virtual one. The second option does not demand downloading and a person can access it with the help of personal login and password inside the system. No more need to carry USB memory devices.
Sometimes a person needs a push or at least a simple explanation to start writing something. This is a detailed instruction on how to create a qualitative presentation in 8 steps.
A topic must relate to the present problem. It can discuss economics, government, security system, administrative services, business, healthcare, and administration. Today students can also speak about the conditions of distance learning in the pandemic reality. A title is to be brief and concise.
For example, ‘Public Administration and Welfare System: How Are They Interrelated’ or ‘Effective Warning System in Case of Nuclear Attack for Different Geographical Regions’.
It is irrational to overload the slide with lengthy sentences and huge images. A slide should not be messy. A picture and text are to match and please an eye. Slides support the speaker’s speech because many people have eye memory. Consequently, they will pay attention to each detail. If there are too many things, such listeners will read and investigate each slide instead of listening to the speaker.
A presentation is not an impressionistic picture. Too many colors will make it hard for reading. The same one can say about fonts. Usually, people apply one font for headings and one for the text. Moreover, both factors are important for readability. Bright and almost invisible colors hurt eyes. The audience can even feel irritated and tired after the presentation because of that. Each slide is to be harmonious and do not differ from other slides by style and formatting.
Professionals say that 6 words per slide make up the most comfortable minimum that assists in memorizing the data. As a rule, students never exceed 8 words per slide. Thanks to that, everything looks neat. There is the reverse side of the medal. It is not easy to convey the message with the help of only 6-8 words.
One should be ready to spend many hours trying to cut out extra words to create laconic expressions with logical sounding. One should also consider the time regarding college demands.
Professionals recommend starting and ending strong. There is a rule – people usually remember the first and last word of the speaker. A speaker creates a positive or negative impression due to these two parts. If speakers begin and finish a presentation with cliche phrases and dull voice, nobody will pay attention to them. Experts suggest using phrases that call to action or ask about essential things.
Influencers always lead a virtual dialog with their target audience. It results in positive feedback because every viewer is involved. It often happens that the target audience answers an influencer’s questions and leave a response under the video or join discussions in comments.
A person can also start with a striking proverb, citation, or a story to hook the attention of the audience. The final part or conclusion should wrap everything up. It is hard to do that briefly so a person should involve infographics, diagrams, and other visual aids to make it effective and informative.
Today is it easy to find examples on the Internet. One should pay attention only to those with positive feedback. Different websites like SlideShare post free presentations for everyone to examine. Thanks to that, one can consider keywords and basic elements. One can also ask custom writing services to provide samples or help with structuring and other things.
Even presentations need formatting. It is not universal. Students are to ask their colleges to provide recommendations or tutorials. Usually, one has to create not more than 10 slides. 4 slides present the introduction and the conclusion and 6 belong to the body. Language is to be academical, free of mistakes, and lack colloquialisms and abbreviations one often uses in messaging.
The topic and lexis of the presentation are to be oriented on the listener. The college committee would like to see and hear more terms while students prefer simpler explanations.