Terror management theory has been on research more than a decade to this far. Behind this research is proof on the position that this theory affirms human motivation. It is a theory that has unfolded the true existence and position where mortality actually holds in the society. The explanations and revelations it has given in regard to the impacts on possible death with regard to behavior and emotions. A revealing research, it has shows that two culturally given psychological attributes are basically in part to reward off death of personalized death. This involves self gratification individually enhanced and culturally world wide acceptance. Case studies have been conducted to try and explain if indeed there is any correlation between people and the environment. In the quest to find answers to this relationship an elaborate study has been conducted to find the implication on the hypothesized relationship.
This report is intended to show an empirical of a lap test on specific individuals to show the authenticity of terror management. The design was clear to the aim as volunteered individuals in the lap were given questionnaires in which they were required to fill under specific but different factors and later the results were compared. In response to the outcomes of the lap reactions, the observations that ware made were of distinct is results but few were much varied. This was in effect of the fact that the information this sample of individuals had before the actual interview. This empirical study is a pairing of a basic instinct for self-preservation that means that final “mortality is a creation of the able terror and curiosity that is capable of continuity, target intended behavior involvement, and that is if all were impossible,” (Ajzen, 1980, p. 253).
This means that to function efficiently, surrounded with thoughts and any concern about death. Following, this people developed setbacks in trying to reduce the human death fear. So in that regard, for this case of interview to hold some people had to receive information perceived to threaten their future life. Definitely the results of these individuals are so biased to be relied on. For that matter therefore this lap report is the effects of peak oil as a cultural threat. Oil is a natural empowerment that is mined from the earth crust by help of sophisticated and modern tools aided by technology and this economical practice is fully expressed in most countries in the Middle East as major oil marketers and producers. The trend is different as revealing in recent past research, exploration on the oil reserves reveals that the quantity levels of oil barrels now available for extraction is on the downward trend in their natural deposits. This decrease is a threatening rate, as oil is known be the black gold. This is because all over the world oil is the major source of energy in industries, domestic use and every day productions. Because of research most energy experts and scientists have tried to work out for possible substitutes of energy for oil; their research has not sufficiently bored fruits. This is because oil is still the main supply of energy. Developments in the energy sector has shown and given the possibility to analyze the future developments of economies. This in turn affects human beings and there way of life. This lap test has revealed that the peak oil exploitation has to this far been reached. This is a cause to people’s curiosity. This influences people’s decisions (Anderson, 1965, p. 44–56.).
This lap test empirical study was intended to answer the following questions-
Accordingly as a result of the maintained human mental capability as they evolved, human beings have not only had a motivation indicative to self-preservation but also there seem to be ability. So the question: what is it? Secondly, TMT in this case pointing to it, what if any two psychological avenues that are in function and can mitigate the fear of individual mortality? Thirdly, what is cultural world perception? And lastly, are there major hypotheses with regard to “TMT and do they have any prediction,” (Arndt at el., 2001, p. 253–277)?
This lap test procedure was mainly quantitative and for the reason of precision the lab test was conducted on volunteered individuals.
Participants: The composition of these individuals was 30 men and 30 women to suppress any unforeseeable complaint. All these participants were psychology students in the university. Within the lab, the volunteers were given wit questionnaires to fill under different prevailing factors on the ground and thereafter the reactions compared. According to the lab results, there was esteemed variations on the participant’s outcomes which arise because of information that the participants were told before the interview (Adams, 1997, p. 1177–1196)
Materials and procedure: Participating individuals were allowed to take part in a program of personality of traits and social human psychology at personalized level. They were instructed to fill the provided questionnaire. They were packed in completion. The rate of filling them was not fact of consideration but individuals were to complete them after critically studying them and making sure all information regarding it is requirement was dispensed. As a result the socio economic and demographic sheet lap test sheet, participating individuals were allowed to complete a short questionnaire on. Following a brief social demographic sheet, participants completed a shortened new scale of the Neuroticism liker scale on self-preservation that influences decisions on mortality creation. Also individual participants were allowed complete a new version on social issues of survey and which then acted on possible and random division into four conditions with respect to three open-ended discussion questions aimed at making salient specific thoughts. These questions have been used in previous studies.
Apparatus: Since the sample size is more than 30 of all the participating individuals in the lab test, we employed z-score test statistic. To analyze the results we employed SPSS software; a statistical analyzing package. To interpret the results we employed the use of pie charts and graphs (Adams, 1997, p. 1177–1196).
Terror management theory is a theory that highlights the human as an advanced animal that is aware of his existence with the help of instincts and has anticipations about the foreseeable future. The theory has further recognized human beings as the tools and there awareness of inevitable death and the potential inducement of pain. Having the realization that death is mandatory, individual human beings are faced with the fear of vulnerability until the time of death and awareness of their mortality. Despite all the fear that faces human beings, research findings show that all animals share a common origin that is life, and there is a driving force for each species of living organisms to continue In explanation of terror management, it is essential to consider the origin of all living organism, and it is said that they all evolved by undergoing a series of transformations. According toTMT, the psychological system does give the buffers of thoughts of the human death; instilling “fear factor in individuals to constantly remember the death cause and death in human beings and how it could increase their main reliance based on the system of psychology,” (Ben-Ari, 1999, p. 35–45).
The simple explanation is that if human and their environment in their commitment acts as a curiosity death buffer, the expectation of one would be that exposing persons to a mortality salience induction would increase their feelings of relationship commitment. In examining this hypothesis, participants completed a neuroticism scale. In view of evolution, both animals and human beings share a common origin, but the only difference between the two is that human beings underwent more stages of development than the rest. Hence, the stronger desire to live despite the calamities that threaten human life. Despite the advantage that human beings have over other animals that may include the intellectuals, they must still understand that they must die like other animals although they cannot estimate the time of death. It is human nature to respond negatively to mortality threatening situations (Arndt at el., 2001, p. 253–277).
Ideally, humankind does not want to think about his mortality, and, therefore; he will be harsh when answering questions about his/her mortality. The peak oil is, therefore, a worldwide threat because it challenges the mortality of humankind by imposing the death in the short-run. Based on terror management system, individuals manage their own terror by living up to the standards of worldlier, and by having faith in worldlier itself. In a society, everyone has got varied beliefs and conceptions about the cultural worldlier so that the mortality of the individual is influenced by the attitude towards worldlier. Human kind regards their own worldviews as fragile social setup that keeps reminding them of their own mortality, and the fact that they are vulnerable. For safe existence, it is, therefore, necessary that the people closer to them constantly remind themselves of their worldlier. In addition, when people with identical worldviews stay together they will form a cultural worldview, and the factor reminding them of their mortality bring out the positivity and the desire to fight back together. In view, of the case where peak oil is a threat to the cultural worldview, the individuals in the society possessing identical worldviews will have the opportunity to solve the situation through the best means in order to ensure that the threat to their mortality is eliminated (Ben-Ari at el., 1999, p. 35–45).
The hypothesis that clarifies the fact that psychological factors are responsible for buffering the way people think about death, and hence; weakening of this psychological factor will in people being vulnerable to think about death and feel their mortality being threatened. This reaction is evident from the lab results where the respondent’s cultural world is weakened by viewing of the video. Respondents receive similar response after reading of the material that is against the Canadian requirements. The respondents’ cultural world is weakened by exposure to these materials, and the death thought becomes closure to their minds. The mortality salient hypothesis requires that human beings observe two practices that help them in managing terror. These are to have faith in the cultural worldview and the significance standardization of the factors leading to worldview. The theory articulates that some factor that help in making people avoid the terror thought that may include arousal, moods, and self-awareness should be upheld. The hypothesis explaining the terror and the death thought awareness may be used to illustrate contradicting situation involving theory justification where one theory justifies the actions of the other in avoidance of the death thought (Ben-Ari, 1999, p. 35–45).
Based on the lab results, the respondents may be willing to commit murder in so that they avoid the death thought. While others will punish murders so that he/she can avoid the death thought, it should be realized that, in both cases, the individuals act that way because they perceive that their mortality is being threatened, and their cultural world’s remains are not compromised by the actions of the others thereby posing a death threat to them. The hypothesis of schimel to test the death thought the use materials that depicted hatred for the Canadians against the Canadian respondents illustrated analysis. The respondents were then interviewed separately and the outcomes compared. The results revealed that delayed respondents and controlled respondents almost marched in the number of times they pronounced the death threat words, but the group that pronounced the death word many times were the that was not allowed any delay time. The reason being that they felt their mortality being threatened and because of the terror they felt they wanted to react and keep their cultural worldview unchanged. The choice of the material on the web page to be shown to the Canadian respondents was a fair choice because, in order to get accurate results for the interview, the respondent had to be put in the real situation where there cultural worldview was being threatened (Adams, 1997, p. 1177–1196).
Different people have got different attitudes, which attributes, to behavior and sometimes, people with the same behavior joins together in a society. Being that the society comprises of people with identical sense of mortality, it follows that they share the same cultural worldviews. The peak oil is a threat to worldview because it threatens the mortality by posing uncertainty of the future and posing a difficulty in undertaking the normal day business. Based on the requirement of terror management system individuals must, therefore, “manage their own cultural worldview by living to the standards and having faith in the worldview itself,” (Arndt at el., 2001, p. 253–277).
By viewing the message that reminds me of my own mortality, I will not accept the situation that death is looming and, therefore; I will get angry with the person responsible for showing me the message and with the message itself. Alternatively, because we all know that all animals must die I must then apply the teachings of death thought to have faith in my worldview and live according to the standards of my worldview. The fear caused by the realization of the fact that death is inevitable in the future, and vulnerability to live until that moment of death will result in the development of anger, and hatred (Adams, 1997, p. 1177–1196).