Psychosocial Considerations Coursework Sample

Posted on October 11, 2023

Paper Instructions

Academic level – Graduate
Type of paper – Coursework
Topic Title – Psychosocial Considerations

Special-education students face numerous challenges that can hamper their abilities to form solid, long-lasting friendships.

For this discussion, provide examples of critical psychosocial factors that exist with K-12 students and ways in which school counselors can advocate for and support these students.

Coursework Sample

The complexities faced by special education students in establishing enduring and meaningful friendships within the K-12 educational landscape are manifold and necessitate thorough examination. Key psychosocial factors that hinder their social integration encompass stigmatization, constrained communication proficiencies, and a scarcity of shared extracurricular pursuits. Stigmatization emerges from prevalent societal norms perpetuating misconceptions about disabilities, thus fostering an environment where these students often find themselves marginalized (Acosta et al., 2021). Moreover, the obstacles posed by communication barriers resulting from various disabilities exacerbate their challenges in cultivating connections.

The scarcity of inclusive extracurricular activities further limits prospects for shared interests, curbing avenues for building connections. Within this context, school counselors emerge as pivotal figures in championing and fostering support mechanisms that can alleviate the challenges above. Primarily, they can initiate awareness campaigns and workshops to educate students, parents, and educators about disabilities, thereby nurturing an inclusive ethos that counters stigmatization (Havlik et al., 2018). Such initiatives effectively reshape attitudes, fostering a more receptive atmosphere for social integration.

Additionally, counselors have the ability to coordinate focused interventions aimed at improving communication skills. Customized therapeutic approaches, such as speech therapy or social skills training, empower special education students with the means to navigate social interactions. School counselors also assume a critical role in advocating for the inclusion of special education students in extracurricular activities. By collaborating closely with school administrations, they can spearhead the establishment of inclusive clubs or events tailored to diverse interests and abilities. These endeavors provide a platform for shared experiences and foster connections based on common pursuits. Collectively, the intricate barriers that impede the formation of friendships among special education students within the K-12 setting encompass stigmatization, limitations in communication, and restricted engagement in extracurricular undertakings. School counselors are essential advocates in addressing these challenges through focused awareness initiatives, therapeutic interventions, and the facilitation of inclusive extracurricular engagements.


Acosta, D., Fujii, Y., Joyce-Beaulieu, D., Jacobs, K. D., Maurelli, A. T., Nelson, E. J., & McKune, S. L. (2021). Psychosocial Health of K-12 students engaged in emergency remote education and in-person schooling: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(16), 8564.

Havlik, S., Ciarletta, M., & Crawford, E. (2018). “If we don’t define our roles, someone else will”: Professional advocacy in school counseling. Professional School Counseling, 22(1).×19848331

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