Anxiety is the uncomfortable feeling of dread that occurs in response to extreme or prolonged periods of stress (Smeltzer and Bare, 2000). It is commonly ranked as mild, moderate, severe, or panic. It is believed that a mild amount of anxiety is a normal part of the human being and that mild anxiety is necessary to change and develop new ways of coping with stress. Anxiety is a reaction to an internal threat, such as an unacceptable impulse or a repressed thought that is straining to reach a conscious level or a real, threatened, or imagined threat to the patient’s self-esteem. Overwhelming anxiety can result in a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) – uncontrollable, unrealistic worry that is persistent. Risk Factors/Incidence Onset is usually before age 20, and the patient usually has a history of childhood fears. It’s equally common in men and women. More than 80% of patients with GAD suffer from major depression, arrhythmias, or social phobia (Smeltzer and Bare, 2000). Physiological Process/Etiology of the Disease or Condition Anxiety can indicate a primary psychiatric condition, be related to a primary medical disease, or be related to a medication adverse effect. …
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